Here is a list of studies showing a significant level of harm fro the experimental mRNA shots listed by the inventor of the technology.

Dr Robert Malone MD –

Abbate, A., Gavin, J., Madanchi, N., Kim, C., Shah, P. R., Klein, K., . . . Danielides, S. (2021). Fulminant myocarditis and systemic hyperinflammation temporally associated with BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in two patients. Int J Cardiol, 340, 119-121. doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.08.018.

Abu Mouch, S., Roguin, A., Hellou, E., Ishai, A., Shoshan, U., Mahamid, L., . . . Berar Yanay, N. (2021). Myocarditis following COVID-19 mRNA vaccination. Vaccine, 39(29), 3790-3793. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.05.087.

Albert, E., Aurigemma, G., Saucedo, J., & Gerson, D. S. (2021). Myocarditis following COVID-19 vaccination. Radiol Case Rep, 16(8), 2142-2145. doi:10.1016/j.radcr.2021.05.033.

Aye, Y. N., Mai, A. S., Zhang, A., Lim, O. Z. H., Lin, N., Ng, C. H., . . . Chew, N. W. S. (2021). Acute Myocardial Infarction and Myocarditis following COVID-19 Vaccination. QJM. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcab252.

Azir, M., Inman, B., Webb, J., & Tannenbaum, L. (2021). STEMI Mimic: Focal Myocarditis in an Adolescent Patient After mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine. J Emerg Med, 61(6), e129-e132. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2021.09.017.

Bozkurt, B., Kamat, I., & Hotez, P. J. (2021). Myocarditis With COVID-19 mRNA Vaccines. Circulation, 144(6), 471-484. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.056135.

Buchhorn, R., Meyer, C., Schulze-Forster, K., Junker, J., & Heidecke, H. (2021). Autoantibody Release in Children after Corona Virus mRNA Vaccination: A Risk Factor of Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome? Vaccines (Basel), 9(11). doi:10.3390/vaccines9111353.

Calcaterra, G., Bassareo, P. P., Barilla, F., Romeo, F., & Mehta, J. L. (2022). Concerning the unexpected prothrombotic state following some coronavirus disease 2019 vaccines. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown), 23(2), 71-74. doi:10.2459/JCM.0000000000001232.

Calcaterra, G., Mehta, J. L., de Gregorio, C., Butera, G., Neroni, P., Fanos, V., & Bassareo, P. P. (2021). COVID 19 Vaccine for Adolescents. Concern about Myocarditis and Pericarditis. Pediatr Rep, 13(3), 530-533. doi:10.3390/pediatric13030061.

Chai, Q., Nygaard, U., Schmidt, R. C., Zaremba, T., Moller, A. M., & Thorvig, C. M. (2022). Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in a male adolescent after his second Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Acta Paediatr, 111(1), 125-127. doi:10.1111/apa.16141.

Chamling, B., Vehof, V., Drakos, S., Weil, M., Stalling, P., Vahlhaus, C., . . . Yilmaz, A. (2021). Occurrence of acute infarct-like myocarditis following COVID-19 vaccination: just an accidental co-incidence or rather vaccination-associated autoimmune myocarditis? Clin Res Cardiol, 110(11), 1850-1854. doi:10.1007/s00392-021-01916-w.

Chan AC, Tan BY, Goh Y, Tan SS, Tambyah PA. Aseptic meningitis after BNT-162b2 COVID-19 vaccination. Brain Behav Immun Health. 2022 Feb;19:100406. doi: 10.1016/j.bbih.2021.100406. Epub 2021 Dec 13. PMID: 34927105; PMCID: PMC8667462.

Chang, J. C., & Hawley, H. B. (2021). Vaccine-Associated Thrombocytopenia and Thrombosis: Venous Endotheliopathy Leading to Venous Combined Micro-Macrothrombosis. Medicina (Kaunas), 57(11). doi:10.3390/medicina57111163.

Chelala, L., Jeudy, J., Hossain, R., Rosenthal, G., Pietris, N., & White, C. (2021). Cardiac MRI Findings of Myocarditis After COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination in Adolescents. AJR Am J Roentgenol. doi:10.2214/AJR.21.26853.

Choi, S., Lee, S., Seo, J. W., Kim, M. J., Jeon, Y. H., Park, J. H., . . . Yeo, N. S. (2021). Myocarditis-induced Sudden Death after BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination in Korea: Case Report Focusing on Histopathological Findings. J Korean Med Sci, 36(40), e286. doi:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e286.

Chouchana, L., Blet, A., Al-Khalaf, M., Kafil, T. S., Nair, G., Robblee, J., . . . Liu, P. P. (2021). Features of Inflammatory Heart Reactions Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination at a Global Level. Clin Pharmacol Ther. doi:10.1002/cpt.2499.

Chua, G. T., Kwan, M. Y. W., Chui, C. S. L., Smith, R. D., Cheung, E. C., Tian, T., . . . Ip, P. (2021). Epidemiology of Acute Myocarditis/Pericarditis in Hong Kong Adolescents Following Comirnaty Vaccination. Clin Infect Dis. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab989.

Clarke, R., & Ioannou, A. (2021). Should T2 mapping be used in cases of recurrent myocarditis to differentiate between the acute inflammation and chronic scar? J Pediatr. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.12.026.

Colaneri, M., De Filippo, M., Licari, A., Marseglia, A., Maiocchi, L., Ricciardi, A., . . . Bruno, R. (2021). COVID vaccination and asthma exacerbation: might there be a link? Int J Infect Dis, 112, 243-246. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2021.09.026.

Das, B. B., Kohli, U., Ramachandran, P., Nguyen, H. H., Greil, G., Hussain, T., . . . Khan, D. (2021). Myopericarditis after messenger RNA Coronavirus Disease 2019 Vaccination in Adolescents 12 to 18 Years of Age. J Pediatr, 238, 26-32 e21. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.07.044.

Deb, A., Abdelmalek, J., Iwuji, K., & Nugent, K. (2021). Acute Myocardial Injury Following COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case Report and Review of Current Evidence from Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System Database. J Prim Care Community Health, 12, 21501327211029230. doi:10.1177/21501327211029230.

Dickey, J. B., Albert, E., Badr, M., Laraja, K. M., Sena, L. M., Gerson, D. S., . . . Aurigemma, G. P. (2021). A Series of Patients With Myocarditis Following SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination With mRNA-1279 and BNT162b2. JACC Cardiovasc Imaging, 14(9), 1862-1863. doi:10.1016/j.jcmg.2021.06.003.

Dimopoulou, D., Spyridis, N., Vartzelis, G., Tsolia, M. N., & Maritsi, D. N. (2021). Safety and tolerability of the COVID-19 mRNA-vaccine in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis on treatment with TNF-inhibitors. Arthritis Rheumatol. doi:10.1002/art.41977.

Dimopoulou, D., Vartzelis, G., Dasoula, F., Tsolia, M., & Maritsi, D. (2021). Immunogenicity of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccine in adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis on treatment with TNF inhibitors. Ann Rheum Dis. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-221607.

Ehrlich, P., Klingel, K., Ohlmann-Knafo, S., Huttinger, S., Sood, N., Pickuth, D., & Kindermann, M. (2021). Biopsy-proven lymphocytic myocarditis following first mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in a 40-year-old male: case report. Clin Res Cardiol, 110(11), 1855-1859. doi:10.1007/s00392-021-01936-6.

Facetti, S., Giraldi, M., Vecchi, A. L., Rogiani, S., & Nassiacos, D. (2021). [Acute myocarditis in a young adult two days after Pfizer vaccination]. G Ital Cardiol (Rome), 22(11), 891-893. doi:10.1714/3689.36746.

Fazlollahi, A., Zahmatyar, M., Noori, M., Nejadghaderi, S. A., Sullman, M. J. M., Shekarriz-Foumani, R., . . . Safiri, S. (2021). Cardiac complications following mRNA COVID-19 vaccines: A systematic review of case reports and case series. Rev Med Virol, e2318. doi:10.1002/rmv.2318.

Foltran, D., Delmas, C., Flumian, C., De Paoli, P., Salvo, F., Gautier, S., . . . Montastruc, F. (2021). Myocarditis and Pericarditis in Adolescents after First and Second doses of mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines. Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes. doi:10.1093/ehjqcco/qcab090.

Forgacs, D., Jang, H., Abreu, R. B., Hanley, H. B., Gattiker, J. L., Jefferson, A. M., & Ross, T. M. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccines Elicit Different Responses in Immunologically Naive and Pre-Immune Humans. Front Immunol, 12, 728021. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.728021.

Furer, V., Eviatar, T., Zisman, D., Peleg, H., Paran, D., Levartovsky, D., . . . Elkayam, O. (2021). Immunogenicity and safety of the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine in adult patients with autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic diseases and in the general population: a multicentre study. Ann Rheum Dis, 80(10), 1330-1338. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2021-220647.

Gatti, M., Raschi, E., Moretti, U., Ardizzoni, A., Poluzzi, E., & Diemberger, I. (2021). Influenza Vaccination and Myo-Pericarditis in Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: Investigating the Likelihood of Interaction through the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System and VigiBase. Vaccines (Basel), 9(1). doi:10.3390/vaccines9010019.

Gautam, N., Saluja, P., Fudim, M., Jambhekar, K., Pandey, T., & Al’Aref, S. (2021). A Late Presentation of COVID-19 Vaccine-Induced Myocarditis. Cureus, 13(9), e17890. doi:10.7759/cureus.17890.

Gellad, W. F. (2021). Myocarditis after vaccination against covid-19. BMJ, 375, n3090. doi:10.1136/bmj.n3090.

Greenhawt, M., Abrams, E. M., Shaker, M., Chu, D. K., Khan, D., Akin, C., . . . Golden, D. B. K. (2021). The Risk of Allergic Reaction to SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines and Recommended Evaluation and Management: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, GRADE Assessment, and International Consensus Approach. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract, 9(10), 3546-3567. doi:10.1016/j.jaip.2021.06.006.

Hasnie, A. A., Hasnie, U. A., Patel, N., Aziz, M. U., Xie, M., Lloyd, S. G., & Prabhu, S. D. (2021). Perimyocarditis following first dose of the mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 (Moderna) vaccine in a healthy young male: a case report. BMC Cardiovasc Disord, 21(1), 375. doi:10.1186/s12872-021-02183-3.

Hause, A. M., Gee, J., Baggs, J., Abara, W. E., Marquez, P., Thompson, D., . . . Shay, D. K. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccine Safety in Adolescents Aged 12-17 Years – United States, December 14, 2020-July 16, 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 70(31), 1053-1058. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm7031e1.

Helms, J. M., Ansteatt, K. T., Roberts, J. C., Kamatam, S., Foong, K. S., Labayog, J. S., & Tarantino, M. D. (2021). Severe, Refractory Immune Thrombocytopenia Occurring After SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine. J Blood Med, 12, 221-224. doi:10.2147/JBM.S307047.

Hippisley-Cox, J., Patone, M., Mei, X. W., Saatci, D., Dixon, S., Khunti, K., . . . Coupland, C. A. C. (2021). Risk of thrombocytopenia and thromboembolism after covid-19 vaccination and SARS-CoV-2 positive testing: self-controlled case series study. BMJ, 374, n1931. doi:10.1136/bmj.n1931.

Ho, J. S., Sia, C. H., Ngiam, J. N., Loh, P. H., Chew, N. W., Kong, W. K., & Poh, K. K. (2021). A review of COVID-19 vaccination and the reported cardiac manifestations. Singapore Med J. doi:10.11622/smedj.2021210.

Iguchi, T., Umeda, H., Kojima, M., Kanno, Y., Tanaka, Y., Kinoshita, N., & Sato, D. (2021). Cumulative Adverse Event Reporting of Anaphylaxis After mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) Injections in Japan: The First-Month Report. Drug Saf, 44(11), 1209-1214. doi:10.1007/s40264-021-01104-9.

In brief: Myocarditis with the Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines. (2021). Med Lett Drugs Ther, 63(1629), e9. Retrieved from

Ioannou, A. (2021a). Myocarditis should be considered in those with a troponin rise and unobstructed coronary arteries following Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccination. QJM. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcab231.

Ioannou, A. (2021b). T2 mapping should be utilised in cases of suspected myocarditis to confirm an acute inflammatory process. QJM. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcab326.

Isaak, A., Feisst, A., & Luetkens, J. A. (2021). Myocarditis Following COVID-19 Vaccination. Radiology, 301(1), E378-E379. doi:10.1148/radiol.2021211766.

Istampoulouoglou, I., Dimitriou, G., Spani, S., Christ, A., Zimmermanns, B., Koechlin, S., . . . Leuppi-Taegtmeyer, A. B. (2021). Myocarditis and pericarditis in association with COVID-19 mRNA-vaccination: cases from a regional pharmacovigilance centre. Glob Cardiol Sci Pract, 2021(3), e202118. doi:10.21542/gcsp.2021.18.

Jain, S. S., Steele, J. M., Fonseca, B., Huang, S., Shah, S., Maskatia, S. A., . . . Grosse-Wortmann, L. (2021). COVID-19 Vaccination-Associated Myocarditis in Adolescents. Pediatrics, 148(5). doi:10.1542/peds.2021-053427.

Jhaveri, R., Adler-Shohet, F. C., Blyth, C. C., Chiotos, K., Gerber, J. S., Green, M., . . . Zaoutis, T. (2021). Weighing the Risks of Perimyocarditis With the Benefits of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccination in Adolescents. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc, 10(10), 937-939. doi:10.1093/jpids/piab061.

Kaneta, K., Yokoi, K., Jojima, K., Kotooka, N., & Node, K. (2021). Young Male With Myocarditis Following mRNA-1273 Vaccination Against Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). Circ J. doi:10.1253/circj.CJ-21-0818.

Kaul, R., Sreenivasan, J., Goel, A., Malik, A., Bandyopadhyay, D., Jin, C., . . . Panza, J. A. (2021). Myocarditis following COVID-19 vaccination. Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc, 36, 100872. doi:10.1016/j.ijcha.2021.100872.

Khogali, F., & Abdelrahman, R. (2021). Unusual Presentation of Acute Perimyocarditis Following SARS-COV-2 mRNA-1237 Moderna Vaccination. Cureus, 13(7), e16590. doi:10.7759/cureus.16590.

Kim, H. W., Jenista, E. R., Wendell, D. C., Azevedo, C. F., Campbell, M. J., Darty, S. N., . . . Kim, R. J. (2021). Patients With Acute Myocarditis Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination. JAMA Cardiol, 6(10), 1196-1201. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2021.2828.

Kim, I. C., Kim, H., Lee, H. J., Kim, J. Y., & Kim, J. Y. (2021). Cardiac Imaging of Acute Myocarditis Following COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination. J Korean Med Sci, 36(32), e229. doi:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e229.

King, W. W., Petersen, M. R., Matar, R. M., Budweg, J. B., Cuervo Pardo, L., & Petersen, J. W. (2021). Myocarditis following mRNA vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, a case series. Am Heart J Plus, 8, 100042. doi:10.1016/j.ahjo.2021.100042.

Klein, N. P., Lewis, N., Goddard, K., Fireman, B., Zerbo, O., Hanson, K. E., . . . Weintraub, E. S. (2021). Surveillance for Adverse Events After COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination. JAMA, 326(14), 1390-1399. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.15072.

Klimek, L., Bergmann, K. C., Brehler, R., Pfutzner, W., Zuberbier, T., Hartmann, K., . . . Worm, M. (2021). Practical handling of allergic reactions to COVID-19 vaccines: A position paper from German and Austrian Allergy Societies AeDA, DGAKI, GPA and OGAI. Allergo J Int, 1-17. doi:10.1007/s40629-021-00165-7.

Klimek, L., Novak, N., Hamelmann, E., Werfel, T., Wagenmann, M., Taube, C., . . . Worm, M. (2021). Severe allergic reactions after COVID-19 vaccination with the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine in Great Britain and USA: Position statement of the German Allergy Societies: Medical Association of German Allergologists (AeDA), German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (DGAKI) and Society for Pediatric Allergology and Environmental Medicine (GPA). Allergo J Int, 30(2), 51-55. doi:10.1007/s40629-020-00160-4.

Kohli, U., Desai, L., Chowdhury, D., Harahsheh, A. S., Yonts, A. B., Ansong, A., . . . Ang, J. Y. (2021). mRNA Coronavirus-19 Vaccine-Associated Myopericarditis in Adolescents: A Survey Study. J Pediatr. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.12.025.

Kostoff, R. N., Calina, D., Kanduc, D., Briggs, M. B., Vlachoyiannopoulos, P., Svistunov, A. A., & Tsatsakis, A. (2021a). Erratum to “Why are we vaccinating children against COVID-19?” [Toxicol. Rep. 8C (2021) 1665-1684 / 1193]. Toxicol Rep, 8, 1981. doi:10.1016/j.toxrep.2021.10.003.

Kostoff, R. N., Calina, D., Kanduc, D., Briggs, M. B., Vlachoyiannopoulos, P., Svistunov, A. A., & Tsatsakis, A. (2021b). Why are we vaccinating children against COVID-19? Toxicol Rep, 8, 1665-1684. doi:10.1016/j.toxrep.2021.08.010.

Kwan, M. Y. W., Chua, G. T., Chow, C. B., Tsao, S. S. L., To, K. K. W., Yuen, K. Y., . . . Ip, P. (2021). mRNA COVID vaccine and myocarditis in adolescents. Hong Kong Med J, 27(5), 326-327. doi:10.12809/hkmj215120.

Lee, E., Chew, N. W. S., Ng, P., & Yeo, T. J. (2021). Reply to “Letter to the editor: Myocarditis should be considered in those with a troponin rise and unobstructed coronary arteries following PfizerBioNTech COVID-19 vaccination”. QJM. doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcab232.

Lee, E. J., Cines, D. B., Gernsheimer, T., Kessler, C., Michel, M., Tarantino, M. D., . . . Bussel, J. B. (2021). Thrombocytopenia following Pfizer and Moderna SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. Am J Hematol, 96(5), 534-537. doi:10.1002/ajh.26132.

Levin, D., Shimon, G., Fadlon-Derai, M., Gershovitz, L., Shovali, A., Sebbag, A., . . . Gordon, B. (2021). Myocarditis following COVID-19 vaccination – A case series. Vaccine, 39(42), 6195-6200. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.09.004.

Li, M., Yuan, J., Lv, G., Brown, J., Jiang, X., & Lu, Z. K. (2021). Myocarditis and Pericarditis following COVID-19 Vaccination: Inequalities in Age and Vaccine Types. J Pers Med, 11(11). doi:10.3390/jpm11111106.

Lim, Y., Kim, M. C., Kim, K. H., Jeong, I. S., Cho, Y. S., Choi, Y. D., & Lee, J. E. (2021). Case Report: Acute Fulminant Myocarditis and Cardiogenic Shock After Messenger RNA Coronavirus Disease 2019 Vaccination Requiring Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Front Cardiovasc Med, 8, 758996. doi:10.3389/fcvm.2021.758996.

Long, S. S. (2021). Important Insights into Myopericarditis after the Pfizer mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination in Adolescents. J Pediatr, 238, 5. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.07.057.

Luk, A., Clarke, B., Dahdah, N., Ducharme, A., Krahn, A., McCrindle, B., . . . McDonald, M. (2021). Myocarditis and Pericarditis After COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination: Practical Considerations for Care Providers. Can J Cardiol, 37(10), 1629-1634. doi:10.1016/j.cjca.2021.08.001.

Madelon, N., Lauper, K., Breville, G., Sabater Royo, I., Goldstein, R., Andrey, D. O., . . . Eberhardt, C. S. (2021). Robust T cell responses in anti-CD20 treated patients following COVID-19 vaccination: a prospective cohort study. Clin Infect Dis. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab954.

Mangat, C., & Milosavljevic, N. (2021). BNT162b2 Vaccination during Pregnancy Protects Both the Mother and Infant: Anti-SARS-CoV-2 S Antibodies Persistently Positive in an Infant at 6 Months of Age. Case Rep Pediatr, 2021, 6901131. doi:10.1155/2021/6901131.

Mark, C., Gupta, S., Punnett, A., Upton, J., Orkin, J., Atkinson, A., . . . Alexander, S. (2021). Safety of administration of BNT162b2 mRNA (Pfizer-BioNTech) COVID-19 vaccine in youths and young adults with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia and allergy to PEG-asparaginase. Pediatr Blood Cancer, 68(11), e29295. doi:10.1002/pbc.29295.

McLean, K., & Johnson, T. J. (2021). Myopericarditis in a previously healthy adolescent male following COVID-19 vaccination: A case report. Acad Emerg Med, 28(8), 918-921. doi:10.1111/acem.14322.

Mevorach, D., Anis, E., Cedar, N., Bromberg, M., Haas, E. J., Nadir, E., . . . Alroy-Preis, S. (2021). Myocarditis after BNT162b2 mRNA Vaccine against Covid-19 in Israel. N Engl J Med, 385(23), 2140-2149. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2109730.

Minocha, P. K., Better, D., Singh, R. K., & Hoque, T. (2021). Recurrence of Acute Myocarditis Temporally Associated with Receipt of the mRNA Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Vaccine in a Male Adolescent. J Pediatr, 238, 321-323. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.06.035.

Mohamed, L., Madsen, A. M. R., Schaltz-Buchholzer, F., Ostenfeld, A., Netea, M. G., Benn, C. S., & Kofoed, P. E. (2021). Reactivation of BCG vaccination scars after vaccination with mRNA-Covid-vaccines: two case reports. BMC Infect Dis, 21(1), 1264. doi:10.1186/s12879-021-06949-0.

Montgomery, J., Ryan, M., Engler, R., Hoffman, D., McClenathan, B., Collins, L., . . . Cooper, L. T., Jr. (2021). Myocarditis Following Immunization With mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines in Members of the US Military. JAMA Cardiol, 6(10), 1202-1206. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2021.2833.

Murakami, Y., Shinohara, M., Oka, Y., Wada, R., Noike, R., Ohara, H., . . . Ikeda, T. (2021). Myocarditis Following a COVID-19 Messenger RNA Vaccination: A Japanese Case Series. Intern Med. doi:10.2169/internalmedicine.8731-21.

Nagasaka, T., Koitabashi, N., Ishibashi, Y., Aihara, K., Takama, N., Ohyama, Y., . . . Kaneko, Y. (2021). Acute Myocarditis Associated with COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case Report. J Cardiol Cases. doi:10.1016/j.jccase.2021.11.006.

Ntouros, P. A., Vlachogiannis, N. I., Pappa, M., Nezos, A., Mavragani, C. P., Tektonidou, M. G., . . . Sfikakis, P. P. (2021). Effective DNA damage response after acute but not chronic immune challenge: SARS-CoV-2 vaccine versus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Clin Immunol, 229, 108765. doi:10.1016/j.clim.2021.108765.

Nygaard, U., Holm, M., Bohnstedt, C., Chai, Q., Schmidt, L. S., Hartling, U. B., . . . Stensballe, L. G. (2022). Population-based Incidence of Myopericarditis After COVID-19 Vaccination in Danish Adolescents. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 41(1), e25-e28. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000003389.

Park, H., Yun, K. W., Kim, K. R., Song, S. H., Ahn, B., Kim, D. R., . . . Kim, Y. J. (2021). Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Myocarditis/Pericarditis before the Introduction of mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine in Korean Children: a Multicenter Study. J Korean Med Sci, 36(32), e232. doi:10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e232.

Park, J., Brekke, D. R., & Bratincsak, A. (2021). Self-limited myocarditis presenting with chest pain and ST segment elevation in adolescents after vaccination with the BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine. Cardiol Young, 1-4. doi:10.1017/S1047951121002547.

Patel, Y. R., Louis, D. W., Atalay, M., Agarwal, S., & Shah, N. R. (2021). Cardiovascular magnetic resonance findings in young adult patients with acute myocarditis following mRNA COVID-19 vaccination: a case series. J Cardiovasc Magn Reson, 23(1), 101. doi:10.1186/s12968-021-00795-4.

Patone, M., Mei, X. W., Handunnetthi, L., Dixon, S., Zaccardi, F., Shankar-Hari, M., . . . Hippisley-Cox, J. (2021). Risks of myocarditis, pericarditis, and cardiac arrhythmias associated with COVID-19 vaccination or SARS-CoV-2 infection. Nat Med. doi:10.1038/s41591-021-01630-0.

Patrignani, A., Schicchi, N., Calcagnoli, F., Falchetti, E., Ciampani, N., Argalia, G., & Mariani, A. (2021). Acute myocarditis following Comirnaty vaccination in a healthy man with previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. Radiol Case Rep, 16(11), 3321-3325. doi:10.1016/j.radcr.2021.07.082.

Perez, Y., Levy, E. R., Joshi, A. Y., Virk, A., Rodriguez-Porcel, M., Johnson, M., . . . Swift, M. D. (2021). Myocarditis Following COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine: A Case Series and Incidence Rate Determination. Clin Infect Dis. doi:10.1093/cid/ciab926.

Perrotta, A., Biondi-Zoccai, G., Saade, W., Miraldi, F., Morelli, A., Marullo, A. G., . . . Peruzzi, M. (2021). A snapshot global survey on side effects of COVID-19 vaccines among healthcare professionals and armed forces with a focus on headache. Panminerva Med, 63(3), 324-331. doi:10.23736/S0031-0808.21.04435-9.

Sanchez Tijmes, F., Thavendiranathan, P., Udell, J. A., Seidman, M. A., & Hanneman, K. (2021). Cardiac MRI Assessment of Nonischemic Myocardial Inflammation: State of the Art Review and Update on Myocarditis Associated with COVID-19 Vaccination. Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging, 3(6), e210252. doi:10.1148/ryct.210252.

Schauer, J., Buddhe, S., Colyer, J., Sagiv, E., Law, Y., Mallenahalli Chikkabyrappa, S., & Portman, M. A. (2021). Myopericarditis After the Pfizer Messenger Ribonucleic Acid Coronavirus Disease Vaccine in Adolescents. J Pediatr, 238, 317-320. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.06.083.

Schneider, J., Sottmann, L., Greinacher, A., Hagen, M., Kasper, H. U., Kuhnen, C., . . . Schmeling, A. (2021). Postmortem investigation of fatalities following vaccination with COVID-19 vaccines. Int J Legal Med, 135(6), 2335-2345. doi:10.1007/s00414-021-02706-9.

Schramm, R., Costard-Jackle, A., Rivinius, R., Fischer, B., Muller, B., Boeken, U., . . . Gummert, J. (2021). Poor humoral and T-cell response to two-dose SARS-CoV-2 messenger RNA vaccine BNT162b2 in cardiothoracic transplant recipients. Clin Res Cardiol, 110(8), 1142-1149. doi:10.1007/s00392-021-01880-5.

Sessa, F., Salerno, M., Esposito, M., Di Nunno, N., Zamboni, P., & Pomara, C. (2021). Autopsy Findings and Causality Relationship between Death and COVID-19 Vaccination: A Systematic Review. J Clin Med, 10(24). doi:10.3390/jcm10245876.

Sharif, N., Alzahrani, K. J., Ahmed, S. N., & Dey, S. K. (2021). Efficacy, Immunogenicity and Safety of COVID-19 Vaccines: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Front Immunol, 12, 714170. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.714170.

Shazley, O., & Alshazley, M. (2021). A COVID-Positive 52-Year-Old Man Presented With Venous Thromboembolism and Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Following Johnson & Johnson Vaccination: A Case-Study. Cureus, 13(7), e16383. doi:10.7759/cureus.16383.

Shiyovich, A., Witberg, G., Aviv, Y., Eisen, A., Orvin, K., Wiessman, M., . . . Hamdan, A. (2021). Myocarditis following COVID-19 vaccination: magnetic resonance imaging study. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. doi:10.1093/ehjci/jeab230.

Simone, A., Herald, J., Chen, A., Gulati, N., Shen, A. Y., Lewin, B., & Lee, M. S. (2021). Acute Myocarditis Following COVID-19 mRNA Vaccination in Adults Aged 18 Years or Older. JAMA Intern Med, 181(12), 1668-1670. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5511.

Singer, M. E., Taub, I. B., & Kaelber, D. C. (2021). Risk of Myocarditis from COVID-19 Infection in People Under Age 20: A Population-Based Analysis. medRxiv. doi:10.1101/2021.07.23.21260998.

Smith, C., Odd, D., Harwood, R., Ward, J., Linney, M., Clark, M., . . . Fraser, L. K. (2021). Deaths in children and young people in England after SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first pandemic year. Nat Med. doi:10.1038/s41591-021-01578-1.

Snapiri, O., Rosenberg Danziger, C., Shirman, N., Weissbach, A., Lowenthal, A., Ayalon, I., . . . Bilavsky, E. (2021). Transient Cardiac Injury in Adolescents Receiving the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J, 40(10), e360-e363. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000003235.

Spinner, J. A., Julien, C. L., Olayinka, L., Dreyer, W. J., Bocchini, C. E., Munoz, F. M., & Devaraj, S. (2021). SARS-CoV-2 anti-spike antibodies after vaccination in pediatric heart transplantation: A first report. J Heart Lung Transplant. doi:10.1016/j.healun.2021.11.001.

Starekova, J., Bluemke, D. A., Bradham, W. S., Grist, T. M., Schiebler, M. L., & Reeder, S. B. (2021). Myocarditis Associated with mRNA COVID-19 Vaccination. Radiology, 301(2), E409-E411. doi:10.1148/radiol.2021211430.

Sulemankhil, I., Abdelrahman, M., & Negi, S. I. (2021). Temporal association between the COVID-19 Ad26.COV2.S vaccine and acute myocarditis: A case report and literature review. Cardiovasc Revasc Med. doi:10.1016/j.carrev.2021.08.012.

Tailor, P. D., Feighery, A. M., El-Sabawi, B., & Prasad, A. (2021). Case report: acute myocarditis following the second dose of mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. Eur Heart J Case Rep, 5(8), ytab319. doi:10.1093/ehjcr/ytab319.

Team, C. C.-R., Food, & Drug, A. (2021). Allergic Reactions Including Anaphylaxis After Receipt of the First Dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine – United States, December 14-23, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 70(2), 46-51. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm7002e1.

Tinoco, M., Leite, S., Faria, B., Cardoso, S., Von Hafe, P., Dias, G., . . . Lourenco, A. (2021). Perimyocarditis Following COVID-19 Vaccination. Clin Med Insights Cardiol, 15, 11795468211056634. doi:10.1177/11795468211056634.

Truong, D. T., Dionne, A., Muniz, J. C., McHugh, K. E., Portman, M. A., Lambert, L. M., . . . Newburger, J. W. (2021). Clinically Suspected Myocarditis Temporally Related to COVID-19 Vaccination in Adolescents and Young Adults. Circulation. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.121.056583.

Umei, T. C., Kishino, Y., Shiraishi, Y., Inohara, T., Yuasa, S., & Fukuda, K. (2021). Recurrence of myopericarditis following mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in a male adolescent. CJC Open. doi:10.1016/j.cjco.2021.12.002.

Vidula, M. K., Ambrose, M., Glassberg, H., Chokshi, N., Chen, T., Ferrari, V. A., & Han, Y. (2021). Myocarditis and Other Cardiovascular Complications of the mRNA-Based COVID-19 Vaccines. Cureus, 13(6), e15576. doi:10.7759/cureus.15576.

Visclosky, T., Theyyunni, N., Klekowski, N., & Bradin, S. (2021). Myocarditis Following mRNA COVID-19 Vaccine. Pediatr Emerg Care, 37(11), 583-584. doi:10.1097/PEC.0000000000002557.

Warren, C. M., Snow, T. T., Lee, A. S., Shah, M. M., Heider, A., Blomkalns, A., . . . Nadeau, K. C. (2021). Assessment of Allergic and Anaphylactic Reactions to mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines With Confirmatory Testing in a US Regional Health System. JAMA Netw Open, 4(9), e2125524. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.25524.

Watkins, K., Griffin, G., Septaric, K., & Simon, E. L. (2021). Myocarditis after BNT162b2 vaccination in a healthy male. Am J Emerg Med, 50, 815 e811-815 e812. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2021.06.051.

Welsh, K. J., Baumblatt, J., Chege, W., Goud, R., & Nair, N. (2021). Thrombocytopenia including immune thrombocytopenia after receipt of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines reported to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS). Vaccine, 39(25), 3329-3332. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.04.054.

Witberg, G., Barda, N., Hoss, S., Richter, I., Wiessman, M., Aviv, Y., . . . Kornowski, R. (2021). Myocarditis after Covid-19 Vaccination in a Large Health Care Organization. N Engl J Med, 385(23), 2132-2139. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2110737.

Zimmermann, P., & Curtis, N. (2020). Why is COVID-19 less severe in children? A review of the proposed mechanisms underlying the age-related difference in severity of SARS-CoV-2 infections. Arch Dis Child. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2020-320338.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) and COVID-19 Vaccination References (As GBS affects all age cohorts – references are all age cohorts)

Allen, C. M., Ramsamy, S., Tarr, A. W., Tighe, P. J., Irving, W. L., Tanasescu, R., & Evans, J. R. (2021). Guillain-Barre Syndrome Variant Occurring after SARS-CoV-2 Vaccination. Ann Neurol, 90(2), 315-318. doi:10.1002/ana.26144.

Bouattour, N., Hdiji, O., Sakka, S., Fakhfakh, E., Moalla, K., Daoud, S., . . . Mhiri, C. (2021). Guillain-Barre syndrome following the first dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine: case report and review of reported cases. Neurol Sci. doi:10.1007/s10072-021-05733-x.

Censcak, D., Ungermann, L., Stetkarova, I., & Ehler, E. (2021). Guillan-Barre Syndrome after First Vaccination Dose against COVID-19: Case Report. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove), 64(3), 183-186. doi:10.14712/18059694.2021.31.

da Silva, G. F., da Silva, C. F., Oliveira, R., Romancini, F., Mendes, R. M., Locks, A., . . . Braatz, V. L. (2021). Guillain-Barre syndrome after coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine: A temporal association. Clin Exp Neuroimmunol. doi:10.1111/cen3.12678.

Guillain-Barre Syndrome Eight Days after Vector-Based COVID-19 Vaccination. Case Rep Infect Dis, 2021, 3619131. doi:10.1155/2021/3619131.

Finsterer, J. (2021b). Guillain-Barre syndrome 15 days after COVID-19 despite SARS-CoV-2 vaccination. IDCases, 25, e01226. doi:10.1016/j.idcr.2021.e01226.

Finsterer, J. (2021d). SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations may not only be complicated by GBS but also by distal small fibre neuropathy. J Neuroimmunol, 360, 577703. doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2021.577703.

Finsterer, J. (2022). Neurological side effects of SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations. Acta Neurol Scand, 145(1), 5-9. doi:10.1111/ane.13550.

Finsterer, J., Scorza, F. A., & Scorza, C. A. (2021). Post SARS-CoV-2 vaccination Guillain-Barre syndrome in 19 patients. Clinics (Sao Paulo), 76, e3286. doi:10.6061/clinics/2021/e3286.

Hasan, T., Khan, M., Khan, F., & Hamza, G. (2021). Case of Guillain-Barre syndrome following COVID-19 vaccine. BMJ Case Rep, 14(6). doi:10.1136/bcr-2021-243629.

Kanabar, G., & Wilkinson, P. (2021). Guillain-Barre syndrome presenting with facial diplegia following COVID-19 vaccination in two patients. BMJ Case Rep, 14(10). doi:10.1136/bcr-2021-244527.

Koike, H., Chiba, A., & Katsuno, M. (2021). Emerging Infection, Vaccination, and Guillain-Barre Syndrome: A Review. Neurol Ther, 10(2), 523-537. doi:10.1007/s40120-021-00261-4.

Koike, H., & Katsuno, M. (2021). Emerging infectious diseases, vaccines and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Clin Exp Neuroimmunol. doi:10.1111/cen3.12644.

Kripalani, Y., Lakkappan, V., Parulekar, L., Shaikh, A., Singh, R., & Vyas, P. (2021). A Rare Case of Guillain-Barre Syndrome following COVID-19 Vaccination. Eur J Case Rep Intern Med, 8(9), 002707. doi:10.12890/2021_002797.

Leung, C. (2021). Guillain-Barre syndrome should be monitored upon mass vaccination against SARS-CoV-2. Hum Vaccin Immunother, 17(9), 2957-2958. doi:10.1080/21645515.2021.1922061.

Maramattom, B. V., Krishnan, P., Paul, R., Padmanabhan, S., Cherukudal Vishnu Nampoothiri, S., Syed, A. A., & Mangat, H. S. (2021). Guillain-Barre Syndrome following ChAdOx1-S/nCoV-19 Vaccine. Ann Neurol, 90(2), 312-314. doi:10.1002/ana.26143.

McKean, N., & Chircop, C. (2021). Guillain-Barre syndrome after COVID-19 vaccination. BMJ Case Rep, 14(7). doi:10.1136/bcr-2021-244125.

Min, Y. G., Ju, W., Ha, Y. E., Ban, J. J., Lee, S. A., Sung, J. J., & Shin, J. Y. (2021). Sensory Guillain-Barre syndrome following the ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccine: Report of two cases and review of literature. J Neuroimmunol, 359, 577691. doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2021.577691.

Mokhashi, N., Narla, G., & Marchionni, C. (2021). Guillain-Barre Syndrome in a Patient With Asymptomatic Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Major Depressive Disorder. Cureus, 13(3), e14161. doi:10.7759/cureus.14161.

Morehouse, Z. P., Paulus, A., Jasti, S. A., & Bing, X. (2021). A Rare Variant of Guillain-Barre Syndrome Following Ad26.COV2.S Vaccination. Cureus, 13(9), e18153. doi:10.7759/cureus.18153.

Nasuelli, N. A., De Marchi, F., Cecchin, M., De Paoli, I., Onorato, S., Pettinaroli, R., . . . Godi, L. (2021). A case of acute demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy with bilateral facial palsy after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine. Neurol Sci, 42(11), 4747-4749. doi:10.1007/s10072-021-05467-w.

Nishiguchi, Y., Matsuyama, H., Maeda, K., Shindo, A., & Tomimoto, H. (2021). Miller Fisher syndrome following BNT162b2 mRNA coronavirus 2019 vaccination. BMC Neurol, 21(1), 452. doi:10.1186/s12883-021-02489-x. 

Oo, W. M., Giri, P., & de Souza, A. (2021). AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine and Guillain- Barre Syndrome in Tasmania: A causal link? J Neuroimmunol, 360, 577719. doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2021.577719.

Prasad, A., Hurlburt, G., Podury, S., Tandon, M., Kingree, S., & Sriwastava, S. (2021). A Novel Case of Bifacial Diplegia Variant of Guillain-Barre Syndrome Following Janssen COVID-19 Vaccination. Neurol Int, 13(3), 404-409. doi:10.3390/neurolint13030040.

Razok, A., Shams, A., Almeer, A., & Zahid, M. (2021). Post-COVID-19 vaccine Guillain-Barre syndrome; first reported case from Qatar. Ann Med Surg (Lond), 67, 102540. doi:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102540.

Rosenblum, H. G., Hadler, S. C., Moulia, D., Shimabukuro, T. T., Su, J. R., Tepper, N. K., . . . Oliver, S. E. (2021). Use of COVID-19 Vaccines After Reports of Adverse Events Among Adult Recipients of Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) and mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines (Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna): Update from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices – United States, July 2021. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 70(32), 1094-1099. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm7032e4.

Rossetti, A., Gheihman, G., O’Hare, M., & Kosowsky, J. M. (2021). Guillain-Barre Syndrome Presenting as Facial Diplegia after COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case Report. J Emerg Med, 61(6), e141-e145. doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2021.07.062.

Samudralwar, R. D. (2021). Commentary: The spectrum of neurological manifestations related to COVID-19 and vaccinations. J Neuroimmunol, 358, 577660. doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2021.577660.

Scendoni, R., Petrelli, C., Scaloni, G., & Logullo, F. O. (2021). Electromyoneurography and laboratory findings in a case of Guillain-Barre syndrome after second dose of Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine. Hum Vaccin Immunother, 1-4. doi:10.1080/21645515.2021.1954826.

Sebghati, M., & Khalil, A. (2021). Uptake of vaccination in pregnancy. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol, 76, 53-65. doi:10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2021.03.007.

Shao, S. C., Wang, C. H., Chang, K. C., Hung, M. J., Chen, H. Y., & Liao, S. C. (2021). Guillain-Barre Syndrome Associated with COVID-19 Vaccination. Emerg Infect Dis, 27(12), 3175-3178. doi:10.3201/eid2712.211634.

Shasha, D., Bareket, R., Sikron, F. H., Gertel, O., Tsamir, J., Dvir, D., . . . Zacay, G. (2022). Real-world safety data for the Pfizer BNT162b2 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine: historical cohort study. Clin Microbiol Infect, 28(1), 130-134. doi:10.1016/j.cmi.2021.09.018.

Sriwastava, S., Shrestha, A. K., Khalid, S. H., Colantonio, M. A., Nwafor, D., & Srivastava, S. (2021). Spectrum of Neuroimaging Findings in Post-COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case Series and Review of Literature. Neurol Int, 13(4), 622-639. doi:10.3390/neurolint13040061.

Tutar, N. K., Eyigurbuz, T., Yildirim, Z., & Kale, N. (2021). A variant of Guillain-Barre syndrome after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination: AMSAN. Ideggyogy Sz, 74(7-08), 286-288. doi:10.18071/isz.74.0286.

Woo, E. J., Mba-Jonas, A., Dimova, R. B., Alimchandani, M., Zinderman, C. E., & Nair, N. (2021). Association of Receipt of the Ad26.COV2.S COVID-19 Vaccine With Presumptive Guillain-Barre Syndrome, February-July 2021. JAMA, 326(16), 1606-1613. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.16496.